Assignment #4 Virtual Essay.

"The moment always dictates in my work…Everybody can look, but they don't necessarily see… I see a situation and I know that it's right."
by André Kertész.
Andre Kertesz was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1894 and died in New York in 1985. He is one of the world’s leading photographers who ‘influenced a subsequent generation of photographers including Man Ray, Brassai, Maholy Nagy and Cartier-Bresson’.( 2007, Phillips de Pury & Company) Kertesz said “The subject offered itself to me and I took advantage” (PhotoQuotes.com, 2011) As he asserted, he took photos which tell stories and always believe he needed to be invisible which is process of taking pictures by waiting until the right moment to capture what photographers pursue or want while taking photos.

Underwater Swimmer, Esztergom, 1917, André Kertész

“Underwater Swimmer” which was taken in 1917 is one of his most famous oeuvres, when he was injured during the war. He took this photograph when he stayed in the hospital, and just wanted to capture photos of distortion. Because of water the man’s body looks distorted. Even though he took distorted photos, the important thing was he didn’t manipulate photos to make his work better. After that time, he took lots of distortion pictures and it impacted on other photographers.

Cameron Stephen.

This picture was taken by Cameron Stephen. He captured photo of distortion through the mirror. It is interesting that everything is distorted but the tree and invisible parts in the biggest distortion mirror are visible in that mirror below. I believe similarity between Kertesz and Stephen, other than that the images are distorted, that every element of reality is still reflected in the images and tell their story in a distorted way.

Kertesz’s oeuvres were inspired by the ideas of artists around him, and his photos became more refined. He recorded every event happening around him and every moment of his life. “My work is inspired by my life. I express myself through my photographs. Everything that surrounds me provokes my feeling” (Shooting the truth, Iccevska)

Little Girl, 1939, Andre Kertesz

“Little Girl” which was shot in 1939 after he moved to United States. We can see the girl is really excited and happy to be around the penguin. When I saw this picture, it made me smile, and I felt his power of photo. He always wanted to express Happiness to people through his photos.

Cameron Stephen

This picture also was taken by Cameron Stephen. We can see girl’s smile face and feel happy same as Kertesz photo. I think the similarity between those two photos is capturing from photographers life, and picture can reflect their life. Below two photos can find same similarity which subject is inspired by photographer’s circumference.

 Boy reading newspaper, 1944, Andre Kertesz

“Boy reading newspaper” which was taken in 1944, shows that how he is good at portraying the reality. Kertesz took a picture of boys who read newspaper on the street while he was walking on the street. In his picture we can see he is trying to project probably a homeless kid probably setting up his bed. We don’t know whether he was homeless kid or not. However, he tried to inform about agony at that time by showing a kid on the streets.

Jacob Riis, Children sleeping in Mulberry Street http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAriis1.jpg

Those picture were taken by Jacob Riis. He took pictures of kids who were sleeping on the street. Same as Kertesz, the Jacob Riis and tried to report the social issue around him. Both two photographers preserve and showed their photographs without staging or creating moment to people.

Kertesz said “Everything is a subject. Every subject has a rhythm. To feel it is the raison d’être. The photograph is a fixed moment of such a raison d’être, which lives on in itself.” (PhotoQuotes.com, 2011) The most important aspect of those photographs is that he captured moment whatever he saw without changing it in anyway.

The Fork, or La Fourchette, 1928, Andre Kertesz

“The Fork” which was taken in 1928 is one of his most famous oeuvres, during the French period of his career when he moved to Paris. Both a fork and a plate are common utensil which used as tools for eating everyday in our lives. However, Andre Kertesz used those utensils as a subject of his photograph so that people can get more deeply inspiration from it. He portrayed our lives emotion such as busy and empty through a fork’s shadow. The shadow also described viewer’s attention. For using utensil as a subject of photograph is not usual, but photographer has benefit of taking same picture every moment because the subjects are objects not human.
Below photos are taken by people who are not professional.


I believe this is what Kertész meant by saying “My work is inspired by my life. I express myself through my photographs. Everything that surrounds me provokes my feeling”(Shooting the truth, Iccevska)


DanilovicSandra.Week 10, KerteszCartier-Bresson From Shooting The Truth by Gordana Iccevska.” MODULE 10. Retrieved from http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnxzaG9vdGluZ3RoZXRydXRofGd4OjRmNDAzZGZlNjZmMDhkYmE

Philipsartexpert. 2007. Andre-kertesz-distortion-no-40-paris. Retrieved from

Photo URLs


Week 11 presentation feedback.

It was a good presentation Sarah and rest of team members.

I believe, main differences between four photographers are their pursuit and disposition. Both Andre Kertesz and Henri Cartier-Bresson preferred invisible moments which mean they waited until the right moment to capture what they pursue. Also they preserve photograph without staging or creating. They just wanted to show the real moment to people. Your examples are express their pursuit and disposition that "the subject offered itself to me and I took advantage" by Kertesz and "approach the subject on tiptoe" by Henri. One the contrary, Eugene Smith and Sabasito Salgado tended to prefer visible moments. Also they used to create moments of truth.

The similarities between four Photographs’ works of art are colors and subjects. Both four photographers’ photos are based on Black and white. By using only those two colors, they expressed the emotion of photos deeply. Also all photographers used real life such as people, nature, and landscape as a subject of photograph so that audience can feel true emotions with comfortable mind from the pictures. Like you mentioned that “no matter how visible/invisible they were in the process, they captured true emotions”. I do agree with your opinion.

I do agree with you opinion that Andre Kertesz and Henri Cartier-Bresson have the better journalistic approach, because both Kertesz and Henri were symbol of photojournalism, and they would follow ethics rules so that inform or report true and reality moment of event to public.


Danilovic, Sandra. "Presenting the moment: Eugene Smith and Sebastiao Salgado." MODULE 11. Â Retrieved from https://gbc.blackboard.com/webct/urw/lc5122011.tp0/cobaltMainFrame.dowebct.


◈ The main differences and similarities
The main differences between press photograph and art photograph are purpose, subject of photograph, and rules of photograph. Press photograph is a form of photography used to inform or report the truth to the public. The press photograph includes messages which reflect social problem, and photographer criticize problems indirect ways through photographs. Also press photograph take a picture that includes message for situation or problem. Press photography has a code of ethics and rules which include timeliness, accuracy, accountability to the public, and facts reported.

(Press Photographers Year Ltd) Photo by Jeff J Mitchell.
The first photograph that I chose was taken by Jeff J Mitchell. It is a picture of Colleagues of firefighter Ewan Williamson gather in torrential rain outside St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh. It was shot July 22nd,2009

(Press Photographers Year Ltd) Photo by Mark Condren.
The second photo was shot by Mark Condren. It is a picture of A man stand at the ruin of a church after the earthquake struck Haiti. It was shot January 26th,2010  

Photo by Frederike Helwig. 
On the contrary, art photograph is a form of photography used to express photographer's feeling and vision. A common misconception is characteristic of art photograph. It is not like commercial photography as well as it is not produced to sell a product or promote an image. Photographer takes a picture whatever he wants and expresses various feeling to the public. Also there is no regulation so that photographer can edit or change picture from original.

Photo by Bela Borsodi. 
However, both two photographs have similarities such as message of photograph and qualification of photographer. As I mentioned, both press and art photograph include message. Even though their purpose and subject of photo is different, both two photographs try to bring up the message to the public. Also photographer requires visual sense and photography skills so that take a right picture with good condition.

◈ Is it ethical and acceptable to alter art photographs? Why? Why not?- 
There is no rules for art photograph. Art photograph can change or edit depends upon photographer, because only photographer can bring up meaning in to photo. Therefore, art photograph is ethical and acceptable to alter art photograph 

◈ Is it ethical and acceptable to alter press photographs? Why? Why not?
No, because press photography has a code of ethics and rules which include timeliness, accuracy, accountability to the public, and facts reported, and the photographer must follow the rules to convey the truth not alter it in anyway.


The Press Photographers' Year 2010. Retrieved from http://www.theppy.com/competition/results?year=2010. 

Art department. Retrieved from http://www.art-dept.com/photography/index.html 
DanilovicSandra. “Week 9 Course Notes - Photojournalism: Shooting the truth.”MODULE 9. 
Retrieved from https://gbc.blackboard.com/webct/urw/lc5122011.tp0/cobaltMainFrame.dowebct.

Danilovic, Sandra. "Presenting the moment: Eugene Smith and Sebastiao Salgado."MODULE 11. Retrieved from https://gbc.blackboard.com/webct/urw/lc5122011.tp0/cobaltMainFrame.dowebct.

Wikipedia. World press photo. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Press_Photo 

Photo URLs


Presentation Week 6: Documenting the Great Depression.

It was a good presentation especially last two pictures known as Migrant Mother which represent the Great Depression very well. Also I agree with the last answer "The role of the photo now is for people to see and understand the struggles these people faced at the time".

In my opinion, I believe that the project has significant impact on the society, because it has enough power to change or move people's mind. Also according to American memory it said "The photographers in both units documented America's mobilization during the early years of World War II, concentrating on such topics as aircraft factories and women in the workforce."

In the past, the role of Migrant Mother photograph informed people about how poor farmers' families suffered from the poverty, and encouraged them to overcome that situations. These days, the role of Migrant Mother photograph becomes the symbol of the great depression, and help us to understand at that time.


Assignment#3: Photo Manipulation Assignment

Before                                         After
Notre-Dame Basilica.

My first photograph is the Notre-Dame Basilica. I took this picture when my girlfriend and I went to Montreal during intersection week last October. When we got inside of church we were impressed by its grandiosity. It was a very unique experience especially for me as a Roman Catholic.

I first adjusted the exposure; +10 and contrast; +40 so that the building generally showed brighter its background. I used those functions to emphasize the building’s features and design as well.
My camera unfortunately failed to capture the scene as the image I imagined in my head when I went to Notre-Dame Basilica. I edited the colours effect through the adjusting function of saturation; +40 and hue; +70 because I wanted to bring out the picture’s colorfulness and give it reality. After editing it became closer to the impression of Notre-Dame Basilica I imagined. The changes that I made may exaggerate the image of the subject but it delivered my inspirations and impression of the Church. I set a radius; 5 and strength; 160 so that it provided a better quality of clearness. I selected Before and After frame which shows two pictures at the same time. By selecting the frame, it clearly showed characters of two pictures with a different idea such as if it was day and night time.

Before                                            After
CNE picture.

I chose the second photograph that I took in last September during the Canadian National Exhibition season. We went there during the day and played games until the evening. The time I took a picture was in the evening so the picture doesn’t show our features very well.

I first adjusted exposure; +20 and contrast; +60 which made it a bit brighter than the first photograph because compared with the Notre-Dame picture, the time that I took the photo was different. I used people around us as an artistic effect. By blurring the background, our features became more prominent. Also I edited photograph colours by changing hue; +80 and saturation; 10 so that the picture expressed the feeling of movement. Also the photograph became more colourful and clear making the picture seem more realistic. Besides it provided my girlfriend’s facial expression to be more vivid as well. I set a radius; 5.5 and strength; 170 to make the picture more clear. Usually when pictures are taken of people or animals in the evening, their eyes turn red. Most photo editing programs provide a removal of red eyes function. I used it too. Same as the first photograph, I selected Before and After frame. The reason why I chose this frame was to express a different atmosphere even though it is the same picture.

All pictures were taken by me.
I used Picnik found through Google:


Assignment #1: The role of portraits in the early days of photography and portraits today

Assignment #1: The role of portraits in the early days of photography and portraits today

1.      What are main differences and similarities between portraits in the early days of photography and portraits today?
The main differences are convenience and subject. In the past, taking a picture was really complicated, and had to spend lots of time. According to photography slice#8 week 1 it said “People used to stand for hours in-front of the equipment in order to get their images taken”. Also people recognized the way of capturing is for only puissant people or wealthy people, and their photograph got to be monumental thing.  Since 19th century, photography has developed and the way to take a picture has gotten more convenient. Everyone can take a photo and keep it as their memories. Even though technology of photography has changed, but only one thing does not change that is purpose of taking a photo. There are two main purposes to take a picture. One is to inform the moment to the people. The other purpose is to keep the moment as memories. Depends on situation, the intention of taking a picture changes, but those two core purposes will not change. 
2.      Who was the photographer and who was the subject of photographs in the past and today?
In the past, subject of photographs are powerful and wealthy people, and their pictures were handled by an artistic photographer, because at that time photography required high skills.
Gisele Freund said, Subject people were usually the middle classes who have political and economic power. Subject of photograph and qualification of photographer had lots of restrictions. On the contrary, by developing technology, taking photos does not demand high skills and it got to be simple. Because of those alternations limitations of subject disappeared. To be a photographer still need some qualifications, but the main difference is everybody can take a picture whenever, whatever, or wherever they want. And it does not have special privilege any more.
3.      What was the impact on technology on the portraits in the past and today?
By developing technology it gave huge impact on portraits such as quality of photograph, and convenience. First, the qualities of photographs change. In the past picture’s color was black and white, so it couldn’t provide reality very well. However, by developing technology capturing became a reality more and more. Also people can adjust their appearance through computer program which is as well known as photo shop. They can express them more handsome and beautiful with retouching. Sometimes it might happen to show exaggerated features, it can be happen because of development of technology. Secondly, photographic equipment has invented since 19th century, it got to be really convenience. People can take a picture whenever and wherever they want with their own camera. Variety of photographic equipments makes people handily.

Danilovic, Sandra. “GHUM 1078: Course Notes Week 1: Lecture slides: Why Photography”. George brown College.WebCT.
Danilovic, Sandra. “GHUM 1078: Learning Activities: Module 2: Precursors of the Photographic Portrait by Gisele Freund”. George Brown College. WebCT.